Colonoscopy

Procedure
Colonoscopy involves the use of a colonoscope – a long, thin, flexible instrument connected to a camera and video display monitor. The doctor inserts this into the rectum and moves it slowly through the entire colon looking for any abnormal tissue growths. If the doctor notices anything of concern he is able to take a biopsy (small tissue sample) immediately.

Benefits
Colonoscopy is performed to identify and/or correct a problem in the colon. The test enables a diagnosis to be made and a specific treatment given. If a polyp is found, it can be removed at that time, eliminating future surgery. If a bleeding site is identified, treatment can be administered to stop the bleeding. Other treatments can be given through the endoscope when necessary.

Colonoscopy pic

Risks
Bloating, cramping, and distension may occur for up to a few hours after the exam until the air is expelled. Moving around helps expell air. Serious risks with colonoscopy however, are very uncommon. Such serious risks are bleeding, perforation, aspiration, allergy to medications.

Alternatives
Alternative tests to colonoscopy include a barium enema or CT colonography, which allow visualization of the colon but not removal of the polyps.

Preparation
Please follow this link for the Moviprep instructional video.

If your colonoscopy is in the morning, you should folow the instructions for the “evening before” prep regimen found here.

If your colonoscopy is in the early afternoon, the instructions for split dose prep can be found here. NOTE: Please finish drinking second part of prep solution 4 hours prior to your appointment time.